What is Prostate cancer?
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the prostate gland, which is located in the male reproductive system. The prostate is a gland located under the bladder, in front of the rectum, that controls urine in males and produces some fluid in sperm. It is the most common type of cancer found in men. The majority of prostate cancer begins in the prostate gland and develops slowly, eventually spreading to other parts of the body such as the lymph nodes and bones. For Prostate Cancer treatment in Vadodara, Call now 72279 82345 Or visit Sankalp Hospital at Vasna Raod.
What are the Symptoms of Prostate cancer?
- Painful or burning urination
- Painful ejaculation
- erectile dysfunction
- Back pain
- Blood in urine or semen
- A need to urinate frequently
- Difficulty in starting or holding back urine
- Pain in the pelvic region
What are the causes of Prostate Cancer?
- Old age
- Family history
- Prostate swelling or inflammation
- Eating high fatty food
- Vitamin D deficiency
What is the diagnostic test for prostate cancer?
The doctor does a digital rectal examination (DRE) by inserting a gloved, lubricated finger into the rectum and feeling the prostate through the rectal wall to look for abnormal regions or lumps.
PSA test: Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a protein generated by the prostate gland. The Prostate-specific antigen test determines the amount of PSA in a man’s blood. PSA levels in the blood are often raised in men with prostate cancer; however, non-cancerous diseases such as prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia, or prostate enlargement may also induce an increase in PSA levels.
Transrectal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): A transrectal MRI is used to determine if cancer has migrated beyond the prostate into surrounding tissues. This method is also known as nuclear magnetic resonance imaging (NMRI).
Transrectal ultrasound: This technique is used to detect abnormalities in the rectum and adjacent tissues. To examine the prostate, an ultrasonic probe is placed into the rectum. The device reflects sound waves off human tissues, creating echoes that comprise a prostate sonogram. It is also called endorectal ultrasound.
Transrectal Biopsy: A transrectal biopsy is performed to diagnose prostate cancer and identify the Gleason score, as well as the stage, to aid in treatment planning. This procedure is carried out utilizing either transrectal ultrasound (transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy) or MRI (transrectal MRI guided biopsy).
What is the Treatment for Prostate cancer?
The following are the most common prostate cancer treatment options:
Radical (open) Prostatectomy: This procedure involves the surgical removal of the whole prostate as well as the seminal vesicles.
Radiotherapy: It aids in the relief of pain and other symptoms. It has the potential to be employed as a definitive therapy option for cure.
Brachytherapy: This involves implanting small radioactive seeds into the prostate gland to destroy cancer cells.
Hormone therapy: works by either inhibiting the body from producing testosterone or blocking it from reaching prostate cancer cells.
Cryotherapy: It is a type of focal therapy, which uses extreme cold to freeze and destroy the cancer cells
Immunotherapy: This treatment is intended to stimulate the body’s immune system in order to fight cancer by utilizing substances produced by the body or in a laboratory.
Radiopharmaceuticals: It is used to treat men with prostate cancer that has spread to the bone.
For more information & consultation on Prostate Cancer treatment in Vadodara, visit Sankalp Hospital at Vasna Road or contact us on 72279 82345