A kidney stone is a crystalline mineral substance that forms inside the kidney or urinary system. Kidney stones are a frequent cause of blood in the urine (hematuria) and severe abdominal, back, or groin discomfort. Renal calculi are another name for kidney stones. Nephrolithiasis is the name for having stones in your kidneys. Urolithiasis is the presence of stones in any part of the urinary system. For advanced technology and non-invasive Kidney stones treatment in Vadodara, schedule your appointment at Sankalp hospital.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of Kidney Stones?
People with kidney stones may not feel symptoms until the stone passes from the kidney into the ureter (the tube that connects the kidney and bladder).
- Back Pain (discomfort in your upper abdomen or back and sides)
- Urgency to urinate
- More frequent urination than normal
- Pain when urinating
- Urinary incontinence (blood in your urine)
- Vomiting and/or nausea
Types of Kidney Stone
Identifying the type of kidney stone may assist in determining the reason and treatment regimen, as well as how to limit the risk of future kidney stones. Kidney stones treatment in Vadodara at Sankalp hospital is based on the type of stones. They include:
- Calcium-based stones. Calcium stones, generally in the form of calcium oxalate, are the most frequent kind of kidney stone. Oxalate is a naturally occurring chemical present in a variety of foods, including leafy green vegetables, nuts, and chocolate. Certain dietary changes and drugs may help minimize the chance of acquiring calcium-based stones.
- Struvite stones. This type of stone is made up of magnesium ammonium phosphate and is more common in those who have persistent bacterial urinary tract infections. The best way to deal with these stones is to totally remove them while treating the illness.
- Uric acid stones. Uric acid stones form when the urine is very acidic and may be caused by a lack of fluids, a high protein diet, or disorders such as gout. Medicines can sometimes be used to break up these stones.
- Cystine stones. This type of kidney stone often develops in people with an underlying genetic disease that impairs the kidney’s capacity to handle amino acids. High fluid intake and specific drugs may help avoid these stones.
When the stones are small and in moderate situations, they may be flushed out with regular hydration.
- Lithotripsy – A shockwave is transmitted into the kidney stone to split it up into smaller pieces in this procedure (Pain management and anti-inflammatory treatment may be needed)
- Large stones that do not react to the previous treatments may need surgical procedures such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (removing the stone via a back incision) or ureteroscopic stone removal (removing stone by inserting a thin tube into the urethra)
Some surgical options for Kidney stones treatment in Vadodara
- Non-invasive extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) – This method uses ultrasonic waves to break the kidney stone into smaller pieces, allowing it to flow more easily.
- Ureteroscopy (URS) – This surgery includes inserting a fiber optic camera into the ureter or kidney without making any incisions, enabling the surgeon to fracture the stone and remove the fragments using a small basket.
- Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) – This treatment includes inserting a small hole into the back of the kidney to break up and remove bigger kidney stones.
- Cystolitholapaxy – This technique includes the endoscopic removal of bladder stones that may have developed from the kidney or developed in the bladder.
For kidney stone treatment in Vadodara book your appointment with Sankalp hospital.