What is Kidney cancer?
What are the symptoms of Kidney cancer?
Symptoms may include:
- Blood in the urine,
- Frequent urination, or urinating at night.
- Change in urine color – dark, rusty, or brown pain or a dull ache in the side or lower back that is not caused by an injury a lump in the abdomen constant tiredness rapid, unexplained weight loss
Because these symptoms can occur with other illnesses, they do not necessarily indicate that you have kidney cancer. Contact your doctor if you have any of the above symptoms
What are the causes of Kidney cancer?
- smoking – smokers have nearly twice the risk of developing kidney cancer as nonsmokers;
- workplace exposure to chemicals such as arsenic, some metal degreasers, or cadmium used in mining, welding, farming, and painting;
- a family history of kidney cancer; being overweight or obese;
- having high blood pressure; and
- men are more likely to develop kidney cancer.
How to diagnose Kidney cancer?
- Imaging examinations-If kidney cancer is noticed, you may be subjected to scans to determine whether cancer has spread to other parts of your body, such as an ultrasound, chest x-ray, CT scan, MRI, or radioisotope bone scan.
- Biopsy-A biopsy is a common method of diagnosing cancer that involves removing a tissue sample for examination under a microscope. However, biopsies are rarely required for kidney cancer before treatment because imaging scans can detect whether a kidney tumor is cancerous.
What is the treatment for Kidney cancer?
If you smoke, your doctor will advise you to quit before beginning treatment.
To determine the extent of cancer, a CT scan, bone (radioisotope) scan, and chest x-ray are performed.
The TNM system, which describes the stage of cancer from stage I to stage IV, is the most commonly used staging system for kidney cancer.
If small tumors are found in your kidney, your doctor may recommend active surveillance or observation because the tumors are unlikely to be aggressive and will not grow in your lifetime. Regular ultrasounds or CT scans will be performed to monitor the tumors.
The most common type of surgery for renal cell carcinoma is a radical nephrectomy (removal of the affected kidney).
People with a small tumor in one kidney (less than 4cm), people with cancer in both kidneys, and those with only one working kidney may be an option for a partial nephrectomy (removal of part of the kidney).
Radiofrequency ablation uses high-energy waves to heat the tumor and kill cancer cells. Your doctor will insert a needle into the tumor and pass an electrical current through it.
Immunotherapy works by boosting your body’s natural immune system. Immunotherapy is a treatment option for patients with advanced kidney cancer. Cytokines (proteins that activate the immune system) can be administered intravenously or orally and have the potential to shrink the cancer.
If you have advanced kidney cancer or your cancer is growing quickly, your doctor may recommend targeted therapies. Targeted therapies inhibit cell growth by targeting specific molecules within cells. Targeted therapy drugs are typically administered orally or intravenously.
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have been studied in patients with advanced kidney cancer and have been found to have fewer side effects than chemotherapy drugs.
Radiation treatment (radiotherapy)
Standard radiation therapy is ineffective in treating primary kidney cancer, but it may be used to shrink tumors and relieve symptoms in advanced kidney cancer.
In some cases of kidney cancer, your medical team may discuss palliative care with you. Palliative care aims to improve your quality of life by reducing cancer symptoms.
Palliative care can relieve pain and help manage other symptoms in addition to slowing the spread of kidney cancer. Radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and other drug therapies may be used in treatment.
For more information & consultation on Kidney Cancer Treatment In Vadodara, visit Sankalp Hospital at Vasna Road or contact us on 72279 82345