What is the indication for Laparoscopic Hysterectomy?
- Uterine fibroids
- Uterine bleeding that isn’t normal
- Endometrial hyperplasia
- Uterine cancer
- Uncontrollable postpartum bleeding
What are the different types of hysterectomy?
- A partial hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that removes a portion of the uterus. They may be able to keep their cervix intact.
- Total hysterectomy: The doctor removes the entire uterus, including the cervix, in this procedure.
- Salpingo-Oophorectomy and Hysterectomy: The uterus, as well as one or both ovaries and fallopian tubes, are removed during this surgery.
The procedure is carried out under general anesthesia, with small incisions of around 5 mm on the abdomen. The abdomen is now filled with carbon dioxide gas, and a thin, lighted telescope (also known as a laparoscope) is introduced through a small incision. The camera-equipped laparoscope allows the surgeon to view the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and uterus on the large monitor attached to the laparoscope. Other instruments are inserted into the abdominal cavity through additional incisions. The real procedure now begins as the surgeon secures and divides the uterine blood vessels before freeing it (the uterus) from the surrounding supports, including the vagina to which it is attached. Before removing the uterus from the pelvis, other pathologies are examined and corrected. After the uterus is removed, the vagina is closed, carbon dioxide gas is released, and the skin incisions are closed.
What is the Recovery time?
Advantages of laparoscopic hysterectomy
- Pain will be lesser and hence a lesser amount of pain relieving medicines needs to be taken.
- In comparison to open surgery, the patient can resume normal activities soon.
- Small scar
- The recovery period following surgery is relatively short.
For these reasons, when such a need arises, laparoscopic hysterectomy is frequently preferred.