Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that develop in or around the uterus (womb). Fibroids may also be referred to as uterine myomas or fibromyomas. Fibroids are made up of muscle cells and fibrous tissues that develop in and around the uterine wall. Fibroids have an unknown etiology. They can grow anywhere in the uterus and are named according to their origin: For Fibroids treatment in Vadodara, Call now at 72279 82345 Or visit Sankalp Hospital at Vasna Raod.
What are the types of fibroids?
- Intramural fibroids: These form inside the uterine muscular tissue. This is the most common location for fibroids to develop.
- Subserous fibroids: These are fibroids that develop from the uterus’s outer wall into the pelvis.
- Submucous fibroids are often seen in the uterine inner wall and in the center of the uterus.
- Pedunculated fibroids: These fibroids develop from the exterior wall of the uterus or into the uterine cavity and are linked to it by a narrow stalk.
What are the symptoms of fibroids?
- Heavy or painful periods or bleeding between periods
- Having a “full” feeling in the lower abdomen
- Frequent urination
- Pain during sex
- Lower back pain
- Reproductive problems, such as infertility, multiple miscarriages or early labor
What are the causes of fibroids?
Fibroids have been shown to be responsive to estrogen, a hormone produced in the ovary. Fibroids enlarge when estrogen levels are high, as they are during pregnancy. They also contract when oestrogen levels fall after menopause.
What are the diagnostic methods of fibroids?
- Physical examination: Some fibroids may be felt during a doctor’s internal (vaginal) examination.
- Transvaginal ultrasound: A transvaginal ultrasound scan may be performed to detect fibroids. The technique, which includes inserting a small probe into the vagina, is often painless. The probe generates an image of the uterus on a TV monitor using sound waves.
- Laparoscopy A small tube containing a light source and a camera is introduced into the abdomen during this surgery. On a computer monitor, the camera provides pictures of the interior of the abdomen or pelvis. Depending on the technique, the laparoscope may be flexible or rigid, however, for diagnosing fibroids, a rigid laparoscope is most often used.
What is the treatment of fibroids?
The following medications are used to treat heavy periods:
- Tranexamic acid is taken three to four times per day. It works by preventing blood clots from breaking down in the womb.
- Ibuprofen and mefenamic acid are anti-inflammatory medications. These also aid in the relief of period discomfort. They are taken for a few days throughout the menstrual cycle. They act by lowering the high levels of a molecule (prostaglandin) in the uterine lining.
- Fibroid-reducing medication: A gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analog is administered to the women. This is a hormonal medication that causes decreased estrogen levels in the body. Fibroids shrink as estrogen levels decline. A low estrogen level, on the other hand, might cause symptoms comparable to menopause (hot flushes, etc). These drugs may potentially raise the risk of osteoporosis. As a result, this therapy is only provided for a maximum of six months. To prevent the occurrence of menopausal side symptoms, a low dosage of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is sometimes used.
There are numerous procedures available to remove and treat fibroids.
- Hysterectomy: The conventional and most usual therapy for fibroids is hysterectomy. The uterus is removed during a hysterectomy.
- Myomectomy: This is a feasible option, particularly for women who want to have children in the future. In this procedure, the fibroids are removed and the uterus is not removed.
- Endometrial ablation: This technique includes eliminating the womb lining. This may be done via a variety of techniques, including the use of laser radiation, a heated wire loop, or microwave heating. This procedure is generally indicated for fibroids that are close to the uterine lining.
For more information & consultation on Fibroids Treatment in Vadodara, visit Sankalp Hospital at Vasna Road or contact us on 72279 82345